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May 19, 2022
How to Calculate the Intrinsic Value of a Company Like Benjamin Graham

In this article, I will show you how to calculate the intrinsic value of a company like Benjamin Graham. Graham is widely known as the "father of value investing" and wrote The Intelligent Investor and Security Analysis, two very notable books on value investing. Graham also famously served as a mentor to Warren Buffett, who […]

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December 18, 2021
How to Value Companies Using the 10 Cap Stock Valuation Method

In this article, I will show you how to value companies using the 10 cap stock valuation method. This is a method of stock valuation that originated within real estate, and was created by Phil Town to value companies in the stock market. This valuation method is particularly useful for more established businesses and should […]

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April 27, 2021
How to Apply Comparable Company Analysis Using Valuation Multiples

In this article, I will show you how to apply comparable company analysis using valuation multiples, and will use this valuation method to value a real company in the stock market. Comparable company analysis (aka relative valuation or valuation using multiples) is the most popular valuation practice, where you're comparing a company to its peers […]

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March 17, 2021
How to Calculate and Interpret the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

In this article, I will explain how to calculate and interpret the weighted average cost of capital (WACC), and will walk through a step-by-step example for a real publicly-traded company in the U.S. stock market. The WACC is a calculation of a firm's "cost of capital," which in relation to investors and analysts is the […]

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March 15, 2021
How to Calculate the Intrinsic Value of a Company Like Warren Buffett

In this article, I will show you how to calculate the intrinsic value of a company like Warren Buffett, using his approach to discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation. This will be accomplished by looking through the Berkshire Hathaway shareholder letters, the Berkshire Hathaway website, and from reading the transcripts of any speeches and interviews Buffett […]

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March 2, 2021
How to Tell if the Stock Market is Overvalued

In this article, I will discuss how investors can use various ratios, yields, indicators, and an understanding of the current state of the market to recognize if the stock market is overvalued, fairly-valued, or undervalued. In short, this process involves looking at the S&P 500 P/E Ratio, the Shiller P/E Ratio, the Buffett Indicator, the […]

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January 6, 2021
Why the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) Is Flawed as the Discount Rate

In this article, I will discuss why the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is flawed as the discount rate, and what individual investors can use instead to discount future cash flows in a present value calculation. The WACC is a calculation of a firm's "cost of capital," which is the weighted average of a […]

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January 3, 2021
How to Use Dividend Discount Models to Value Dividend Stocks

In this article, I will show you how to use dividend discount models to value dividend stocks in the stock market. Although the discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation model may provide a better means of determining a company's intrinsic value, dividend discount models remain a useful tool for estimating value, particularly with companies that regularly […]

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November 8, 2020
How to Value a Company Using the Discounted Cash Flow Model

In this article, I will show you to how to value a company using the discounted cash flow model (DCF), and will guide you through a complete DCF valuation for a real company on the stock market. By doing so, we'll be able to estimate the company's intrinsic value, which will tell us whether the […]

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